We have black cows with a red tinge to their hair coat, newborn calves that are knuckled over at birth, reduced reproductive rates, and increased morbidity rate. What are nutritional influences that can be involved with these symptoms?

The calf morbidity and reduced reproductive rate could be nutrition on the cow side, and calf morbidity could be lower immunoglobulin G in the colostrum, but this doesn’t fit with red hair and knuckled over at birth. Some additional thoughts …

What is woody tongue?

Wooden tongue, or woody tongue, is an infection caused by the bacterium, Actinobacillus lignieresii, which lives only in the presence of oxygen. The bacteria invade tissue through breaks in the lining of the mouth. Any rough feed can cause …